CROSS STITCH 

The cross stitch is worked in horizontal rows from left to right, right to left. You can also work from top to bottom and vice versa. Make sure all your stitches are crossed in the same direction. 

Bring the needle up at point 1, lower left hole of one square of the fabric and down at point 2, upper right hole of one square of the fabric. Bring your needle back up at 3 down at 4, up at 5 down at 6. Complete the row. 

The first row of half stitches.

The return row is stitched right to left, make crosses by bringing the needle up at 7 and down at 8, up at 9 down at 10. Complete the return row and repeat the stitching sequence until the area is stitched as charted.

The return row of half stitches to complete the cross stitches.

BACK STITCH 

The back stitch is worked from the right to the left. A line on the chart indicates a back stitch. Bring the needle up at #1 and down at #2. Bring the needle up at #3 and back down at #1. Add the backstitch last. 

Backstitching is used to add detail to your project.

FRENCH KNOTS 

The French Knot is used in many counted cross stitch designs to add extra detail or dimension. Bring the needle up at 1. Hold your thread taut with the other hand and wrap the thread twice around the end of the needle. Gently pull the thread so that the wrapped threads tighten and while holding it taut, insert the needle next to 1. Pull thread through onto the backside until the knot is formed and lies securely on the surface. To make a larger knot, wrap the thread around the needle a couple of extra times or use a thicker thread. 

French knots are delicate stitches that can create a really cool effect.

QUARTER STITCH / HALF STITCH / THREE QUARTER STITCH 

Fractal stitches are sometimes used to add curves into a design. Stitchonomy's patterns do not contain these types of stitches but they are explained here just in case!

The quarter stitch is stitched by bringing the needle down in the centre of the square instead of at the top right (first row). They may be stitched from any corner.

The half stitch is simply a cross stitch that is not finished (second row). It is created just like the first row of the corss stitches above.

The three quarter stitch is a combination of a quarterstitch and a half stitch (third row). First stitch the small arm (a quarter stitch) and then add a half stitch for the other two arms.

Quarter stitches, half stitches and three quarter stitches.